ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7 Blesok no. 57 | volume X | November-December, 2007
Blesok no. 57,
Slavica Janešlieva – Grafting
Multimedia Center Mala Stanica, October 2007
The phenomenon of refugees/refuge is one of the so called eternal issues and themes which both literally and absolutely communicate with the civilization codes of human existence. Essential existential and also moral, philosophical, sociological and various other aspects and consequences of man's destiny directly transgress and unite in it. At the same time the refugees theme is distant to any possible rational comprehension, because it is an extremely emotional and distressful issue which hardly anyone can face with a ready-made defence mechanism of indifference or be cool-headed to it. The reason for such responses is basically because exile and refuge are mainly experienced, endured and felt through the prism of collective tragedies and exoduses, through images and pictures of lines of tormented, warn out and miserable old people, women and children – through images that make indifference impossible!
On the other hand, should we relate the entire (known) history of mankind to the exile syndrome? Should we treat and interpret Adam and Eve's expulsion from the Garden of Eden as an act of (indirect) exile? Since, after all, refuge is very often only a reaction to a previous action i.e. to exile, we can simply say that this is definitely a Biblical theme which strongly supports its eternity aspect. And what's more, the First Book along with the Eden Story, abounds in colourful and convincing elaborations of this crucial topic and also in some more drastic examples – the prosecution and exile of the Jews from Egypt, the exile/refuge of the Christians from Israel … thus, convincing us that the history of mankind is actually a history of exile and refuge.
But even the more exciting real world, reflected in some actual events from our distant or more recent past abounds in more cruel examples of actions and reactions to exile and refuge: Luis XIV's Edict of Fontainebleau in 1685 , the Soviet Revolution in 1917 , the so called Armenian genocide in 1915-1917 , the horrors and the holocaust during the Second World War, the formation of the state of Israel in 1948, the Arab -Israeli wars  and so on.
And, inspite of the shocking historical experiences, the situation with refugees of today has not improved much. According to the UNCHR reports, the number of refugees in the world at the beginning of 2006 was 8,4 million! Approximately 80% of the refugees are always women and children.
The reasons for these incredibly
1. By this Edict Protestantism was forbidden by law and this practically caused a relocation by force of approximately 500.000 Protestants (i.e. Hugenotes) from France to other lands in Europe.
2. It caused the exile of approximately 1.500.000 refugees, mostly in some Eropean countries.
3. It caused a displacement from Turkey of approximately one million Armenians.
4. Some assessments indicate that approximately two million people (Palestinians, Jews and others) were displaced in that period.
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