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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 09 | volume II | June-July, 1999



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SLOVOKULT.DE
KRUG
BALKANI
OKF







                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 09June-July, 1999
Sound Reviews

Macedonian Traditional Vocalsinging

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p. 1
Branka Bugariska

Development of the Vocal Tradition from Socio-Historical Point of View:

    Similar to the other peoples and cultures, macedonian folk singing finds its roots in the pre-historical period, timewhen human uses hands to play some instruments made of wood, bones, etc. These primitive”music” instruments were used as a accompaniment of different ritual dances. Those were times of the “diffusive” speaking rich with many different melodic expressive elements, like the “glissando” and other sounds aimed for imitating animals and birds before hunting (as a part of imitating magic rituals).
    The second phase seem to be the midle barbarian period of human history whose main characteristic is the fenomenon (appearance) of aestetic feeling for music and its special increasing which was related closely to the natural religion and polyteistic-totemistic beliefs. The most important cult was the fertility of human, animals and birds, earth, etc. The tribal way of living was replaced by a system in which patriarchal laws of the society had dominated. The natural division of labour between sexes in those period was the reason for the women to stay at home, and take care of the children and different home activities. The men took care of harder agricultural tasks. So women had more time and freedom to raise different cults, perform rituals and make prairs for fertility and health of both family and animals.
    In chronological frames, the oldest tradicional songs are probably the working songs. The second period in the history of songs' development is tne time wnen previous work songs became part of notworking activities. Next phase is the period of the new singing opportunity – about emotions: songs about birth and diying, and love lyrics. That was also time of practical existing of the epyc heroic singing, as well as ritual singing for rain calling and other pagan, heathen ritual singing. These are all womens' songs performed collectively (exept the individual: lullabies and lament, grave songs).
    At the beginning of the last century the social situation of the macedonian urban population started to change considerably. In the conditions of Turks' occupation, Macedonians were let to be in manufactures that were previocely privilege of only the turkish occupier. Not long after that Macedonians started to work in trade buisness, and continiously the number of education interesents was increasing. In other words, enough for the general picture of the urban culture in those times is the fact that the intensive comunication influenced the Macedonians






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