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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 93 | volume XVI | November-December, 2013



                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 93November-December, 2013

The Women and the Canon

(Reflections on “The Radiant Love of Maria S.C.,” a play by Mimoza Ristova)

p. 1
Ana Martinoska

The long list of Nobel Prize recipients offers unfortunately a sad history of gender (in)equality. It is a fact that between 1901 and 2013 there were only 44 women Nobel Prize recipients out of 876 awarded recipients. Given the fact that some rewards are shared among several winners, that means 45 out of 561 awards, or it is about 5 % of the winners or 8 % of the total number of awards.
    It is apparent that a comprehensive understanding of gender misrepresentation in the Nobel Prize canon and its selection standards requires a more detailed study. And that study can involve myriad issues, such as for example, data on the number of nominated women or data on general position of women in the sciences. However, even a simple outline can still provide understandings on various issues which are essential to gender studies.
    Why are canons (still) predominantly male? Are women really less capable of exceptional achievements in arts, sciences, and culture, or rather we’re talking about their (in)visibility in the public eye, unequal opportunities and access to resources and possible biases in their nomination and remuneration? What are the standards that contribute to the marginalization of women in arts, sciences, culture, politics, and society?
    The case of Marie Sklodowska – Curie (1867-1934), can be a particularly important contribution in challenging such a discouraging and grim reality. She is the one who is remembered in Nobel Prize and world history not only as the first female winner of the Nobel Prize, but as the only woman to receive the award twice, as well. Also, she is the only person to receive two awards given in two different categories; she was the first female professor at University of Paris; and due to her personal merit and many years after her death, in 1995, she was the first woman buried in Pantheon in Paris.
    As a result, a conclusion can be made that Marie Sklodowska – Curie, in addition to her significant contribution to the advancement of physics and chemistry, had almost equally valuable influence in the field of social and gender studies with her work and courageous life. In her struggle for implementation and promotion of her scientific achievements, Curie had to fight the barriers that were imposed to her just because she was a woman, both by the members of the French Academy of Sciences who never accepted her in their ranks as their

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