ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7 Blesok no. 08 | volume II | April-May, 1999
Blesok no. 08,
The Literary-Historical Composition in Macedonian Medieval Literature
In the genres system of medieval literature, the historical-chronological texts are distinguished as a special literary-historical genre with a specific expressional form, created and modeled in close dependence of the amount of the historical information.
Clarifying the category of the literary genre as a historical category, D.S.Lihacov points out that no genre is “everlasting”, in literature, because throughout times the principles of differentiating certain genres change as well as their types, characters and functions. The differentiation of Lihacov concerning the mutual relations of literature genres presented by the material from old Russian literature, can be used also in the old Slavic literature, because it defines the typological traits of the genre system typical for all Old Slav territory. As general base for the genre differentiation of Old Slavic period was the theme, or the subject, to whom it was dedicated. That, on one side, was leading to unclearly distinguished genres. The literary (structural-composition) signs of the genre at its demarcation had no great importance. Their existence and endurance in the Old Slavic period greatly depended upon their exercise in practical life, which does not match the modern definition of genre. Because of that, genres in the medieval period are defined as reflections of the way of living, of every day life and habits. The appearance or disappearance of certain genres was a process that was connected with the objective necessity of the medieval feudal state and the social estate, the social order, as well as the functions defined for literature to accomplish. The social and political conditions characteristic for the feudal social order were an important factor also in the process of defining the forms, contents and the direction in the development of the Macedonian historiography. The tempos and the specifics of this social process, also define the hierarchy order of certain literature genres.
The genres also differ by their use in the spheres of the church and worldly social life. So, the general differentiation is present in the medieval literary of the spiritual (church) and the worldly (profane). The official Old Slavic literary developed exactly out of these two genre-theme directions: in the spiritual-religious, liturgical and worldly course. So, for example, according to its own function, the writs were spoken in the church, the hagiography were read on different occasions, and were closely connected with church masses and monastery rules. The development of the worldly genres was also submitted to the
1. D.S. Lihacov, Poetics of Old Russian literature (translated by D. Bogdanovik), Belgrade 1972, pg.51.
2. D.S. Lihacov, Poetics…, pg.60.
3. Katica Kulafkova, The continuity of the Macedonian literary history – (some literary– historical and theoretical-methodical confrontations), Literary context, 1, Skopje 1995, pg.36.
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