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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 33 | volume VI | July-August, 2003



                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 33July-August, 2003

The Postmodern Theoretic and Aesthetic System of Jean Francois Lyotard

Viewed Through the Prism of the Political - the postmodern as an unfinished project – the term of the political -

p. 1
Zvonko Taneski

    For many is well-known that the postmodern thinking abandons the constitutive link very significant and a link of a key value for the discourse of the Modern – the link between the history and mind. The Postmodern claims that the Modern had its own end, because, basically, it was the project that can’t be realized, because of its basic premises of believing in the so-called great meta-narratives, which is actually an expression for the great stories that dominate the Western culture and civilization. These great stories, every each one of them in its own way, emerge and transform through history.
    As first, can the term Postmodern get equaled with the known logic paradox of Lyotard for the past-future tense (post modo), or to be more accurate – with the known claim that the Postmodern precedes the Modern, what implicates that one art deed must had its creation, must to claim its own rules, and even then – some secondary meta-discourse to analyze them (and actually to confirm them)? Or, maybe, the postmodern aesthetics that closes its eyes in front of the Modern, is just lost in it… Is the literary Postmodern, in many things, a successor of the radical Modern, as Andreas Kilb claims? However, post isn’t some come back movement, or neither some flash back, nor some feed back, but, as Lyotard claims – an “ana” process: analysis, anamnesis, analogy, anamorfosis, etc., which elaborates “the primary oblivion”.
    So, Jean Francois Lyotard claims that the Postmodern isn’t going backwards, but an anamorfosis of the Modern in crisis, but Jürgen Habermas claims that the Postmodern is going backwards and that the abandoning of the Modern is, actually, the Postmodern’s crisis. Mauricio Ferraris tried to end this dispute considering that it is only a big misunderstanding in question here. According to him, at Lyotard, there are two notions for the Postmodern: the historical and the meta-historical understanding of the Postmodern.
    Above all, Lyotard recognizes three preconditions for the modern cognition: evoking the meta-narratives for legitimizing of the basic claims – the inevitable result of (de)legitimizing and of exclusion, and the wish/desire for the homogenous epistemological and ethical/moral regulations. The Postmodern cognition, then again, is against the meta-narratives; this avoids the great issues/subjects of building the foundations and of creating the legitimizing, and it suggests the principles of heterogeneity, plurality, constant innovation and the pragmatic construction of local rules and regulations among those who would agree;

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