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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 35 | volume VII | March-April, 2004



                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 35March-April, 2004
Gallery Reviews

The Mobile Cinema For The People

- about the Mobile Cinema of the Macedonian Ministry of Education in the period 1944-1950 -

p. 1
Ilindenka Petruševa


The Mobile Cinemas are mostly linked with the pioneer days of the cinematography. In lack of permanent cinema theaters, the Mobile cinemas used to cruise through the smaller towns and settlements. In circus tents, in bars and restaurants, at open space, those were persistently introducing the new attraction – the moving pictures. Such cinemas, mainly from West and Midst Europe (Italy, France, Germany, Czechia…), started their “conquest” right after the invention of the “cinematograph”, which means – in 1895. Exactly that kind of Italian visited Bitola in 1897, and by our present knowledge, that was the first public film presentation in Macedonia. Little later, what means somewhere at the beginning of the XX century and further, a significant number of Macedonian individuals purchased mobile ciné-projectors and started to organize film projections in various places through the country. The mobile cinema of Milan Golubovski visited numerous settlements and towns in West Macedonia and Albania from 1907 until 1909. Later, at the end of 20’s and during the 30’s in XX century, many other mobile cinemas can be noted: those are the mobile cinemas of Kermaer Brothers from Czechia were cruising through the Ovčepole area; the circus with the mobile cinema attraction of Dimitar Stanoev – Fakir (called as The Miskedziya) from Delčevo, toured the Maleševo and Ovčepole areas; then, the mobile cinema of Ilija Dzonov from Bogdanci toured the Povardarie and Pelagonia areas and reached Ohrid. Along the entertaining character of those cinemas, one more fact should be emphasized – the mobile cinemas, during the development periods of cinematography, also had propaganda and educational role. Within all of the war parties involved in the Balkan Wars, and in both World Wars, there were mobile cinemas engaged both in entertaining and propaganda purposes within the army and civil population. The health education was also practiced through this medium, as it was the case with the Hygiene Institute from Skopje, that started with this kind of work in 1922, with its own mobile cinema. The goal of this institution was, through the projections of the educational films on health issues as primary health prevention and medical awareness, to educate the population of Macedonia in most of the widespread diseases as typhus, malaria, tuberculosis, etc.

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    After Second World War, in the federative units of the new Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (later: the Federative People’s Republic of Yugoslavia) a wide travelling network of

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